Messerschmitt BF 109E-3
Of course not. So, here we go again - and this time a quite rare bird, the Emil! Emil was a nickname given to the E version. This version was a first truly mass-produced variant of the Messerschmitt's fighter, and the first to introduce the superb Daimler Benz DB engine.
By the end of the E replaced all previous models in first-line service with the Luftwaffe. The airplane shown here is a BfE-4, identical to the E-4s used during the Battle Of Britain in the summer of The Hendon machine is one of only a couple of surviving Emils left. Messerschmitt Bf E The good thing about Hendon museum is that most of the aircraft are easily accessible from many sides, allowing for some fine pictures.
Photo: Martin Waligorski. Pilot's office. This is a heavily framed, square type of hood introduced with the E A close-up from the same angle gives a glimpse of the cockpit interior - instrument panel, gun sight and port sidewall detail. The canopy seen from above, almost like a close-up on a model can you make your model look this nice?
All constructional details of the canopy frame are clearly visible. The sliding panel on the port side is opened.
Other partly visible details are pilot's seat, headrest armour and access hatch to the luggage compartment behind the seat. This dynamic view shows all the different intakes, openings and blisters on the upper side of the cowling. Many of available plastic kits of the Messerschmitt have considerable problems with accuracy just in this area.
Continuing the examination of the front fuselage detail, this is starboard side of the cowling. Note the very prominent division line between the cowling and rest of the fuselage at the firewall.By far the most-produced fighter ever over 33, estimatedthe Bf served actively in various air forces around the world from the mids until the mids.
Small, agile, and well-armed, it proved a serious weapon in the hands of an experienced pilot. Perhaps the most noteworthy of the many versions of the Bf was the Bf E, which ruled the skies over Europe until mid when it first encountered the Supermarine Spitfire. InDouglas Champlin began looking for a restorable Bf for his collection. After several fruitless searches, he acquired a Spanish-built Hispano HA and reconfigured it as closely as possible to the original.
Modification work was undertaken by Art Williams in Germany. This included not only the engine change, but also redesign of the wingtips and other related items.
Messerschmitt Bf 109E
The Champlin Collection Bf was manufactured in Germany during or It is thought to be one of the original batch of twenty-five aircraft supplied to Spain. All instrumentation is German, and of the identifiable Spanish-manufactured parts, many appear to be identical to the original German versions.
Appropriate to the aircraft's history, the cowling and engine are most likely from Bf E J, the initial Dornier-Swiss-built aircraft delivered in Personal Courage Wing - 1st Floor. Complete Site Navigation. Buy Tickets. Museum Store. Private Events. Explore The Museum.Messerschmitt Bf-109E - Original - Flying (HD)
Messerschmitt BF E Interested in this image? About Specs.
Serial Number:. Wing Area:. Empty Weight:. Gross Weight:.
Messerschmitt Bf 109
Maximum Speed:. Cruise Speed:. Power Plant:. About By far the most-produced fighter ever over 33, estimatedthe Bf served actively in various air forces around the world from the mids until the mids. Specs Serial Number:. Museum Location:.It was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine. It was called the Me by Allied aircrew and some German aces, even though this was not the official German designation.
It was designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser who worked at Bayerische Flugzeugwerke during the early to mids. It was supplied to several states during World War II, and served with several countries for many years after the war.
The Bf is the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33, airframes produced from to April The Bf was flown by the three top-scoring fighter aces of all time, who claimed victories among them while flying with Jagdgeschwader 52mainly on the Eastern Front. The highest-scoring, Erich Hartmannwas credited with victories. The aircraft was also flown by Hans-Joachim Marseillethe highest-scoring ace in the North African Campaign who shot down enemy aircraft in about a third of the time.
It was also flown by many aces from other Axis nations, notably the Finn Ilmari Juutilainenthe highest-scoring non-German ace. Through constant development, the Bf remained competitive with the latest Allied fighter aircraft until the end of the war. Duringthe Technisches Amt C-Amtthe technical department of the Reichsluftfahrtministerium RLM "Reich Aviation Ministry"concluded a series of research projects into the future of air combat.
The result of the studies was four broad outlines for future aircraft: . In late March the RLM published the tactical requirements for a single-seat fighter in the document L. The critical altitude of 6, metres was to be reached in no more than 17 minutes, and the fighter was to have an operational ceiling of 10, metres. The performance was to be evaluated based on the fighter's level speed, rate of climband maneuverability, in that order.
It has been suggested that Bayerische Flugzeugwerke BFW was originally not invited to participate in the competition due to personal animosity between Willy Messerschmitt and RLM director Erhard Milch ; [nb 1] however, recent research by Willy Radinger and Walter Shick indicates that this may not have been the case, as all three competing companies—Arado, Heinkel and BFW—received the development contract for the L.
Design work on Messerschmitt Project Number P. The basic mock-up was completed by May, and a more detailed design mock-up was ready by January V1 made its maiden flight at the end of May at the airfield located in the southernmost Augsburg neighborhood of Haunstettenpiloted by Hans-Dietrich "Bubi" Knoetzsch. After four months of flight testing, the aircraft was delivered in September to the Luftwaffe's central test centre at the Erprobungsstelle Rechlin to take part in the design competition.
V3 followed, the first to be mounted with guns, but it did not fly until May due to a delay in procuring another Jumo engine. The He arrived first, in early Februaryfollowed by the rest of the prototypes by the end of the month.
Because most fighter pilots of the Luftwaffe were used to biplanes with open cockpitslow wing loading, light g-forces and easy handling like the Heinkel He 51they were very critical of the Bf at first.
However, it soon became one of the frontrunners in the contest, as the Arado and Focke-Wulf entries, which were intended as "backup" programmes to safeguard against failure of the two favourites, proved to be completely outclassed.
The Arado Ar 80, with its gull wing replaced with a straight, tapered wing on the V3 and fixed, spatted undercarriage was overweight and underpowered, and the design was abandoned after three prototypes had been built. Although it had some advanced features, it used a novel, complex retractable main undercarriage which proved to be unreliable.
Initially, the Bf was regarded with disfavour by E-Stelle test pilots because of its steep ground angle, which resulted in poor forward visibility when taxiing; the sideways-hinged cockpit canopy, which could not be opened in flight; and the automatic leading edge slats on the wings which, it was thought, would inadvertently open during aerobatics, possibly leading to crashes. This was later borne out in combat situations and aerobatic testing by various countries' test establishments.
The leading edge slats and ailerons would flutter rapidly in fast tight turns, making targeting and control difficult, and eventually putting the aircraft into a stall. They were also concerned about the high wing loading. The Heinkel Hebased on a scaled-down Blitzwas the favourite of the Luftwaffe leaders. Compared with the Bfit was also cheaper. In addition, the V4 had a single-piece, clear-view, sliding cockpit canopy and a more powerful Jumo Da engine with a modified exhaust system.
As a result, the He V4 which was used for the trials had new wings, spanning However, the improvements had not been fully tested and the He V4 could not be demonstrated in accordance with the rules laid down by the Acceptance Commission, placing it at a distinct disadvantage.
The Commission ultimately ruled in favour of the Bf because of the Messerschmitt test pilot's demonstration of the 's capabilities during a series of spins, dives, flick rolls and tight turns, throughout which the pilot was in complete control of the aircraft.The Emil was the first of the main Bf series to depart from the standard Jumo engines, instead equipped with the much larger Daimler-Benz DB The new engine was so large that the nose of the aircraft had to be lengthened to fit it.
The radiator, previously located directly under the nose, was moved to under the wings to save performance. This new engine was accompanied by a three-blade VDM propeller, replacing the old two-blades of the previous versions. A BfE-1 in service of Switzerland. The initial variant of the Emil, the E-1, was much like its forerunner in armament layout.
It was equipped with four MG 17 machine guns; two in the nose cowlings and one in each wing. The E-4 version made additional modifications to the craft's shape and design. The canopy was a redesigned version with improved armor and visibility.
This new design was also slightly more square and simpler to produce. The Emil's engine was its biggest strength. The Daimler-Benz's fuel injection system allowed the fighter to dive at extreme angles without choking or stalling, unlike craft with gravity-powered carburetors. The Emil could dive with such speed that enemy pilots often mistook them for downed or crashing craft, and marked them as such.
The effective range of the Emil was lackluster, however, often regarded as its worst feature. While it was perfect for the early short-range Blitzkrieg tactics, later battles caused trouble for the fighters. During the Battle of Britainit was not unheard of for German pilots to glide home with no fuel and land in fields. This problem was remedied by the E-7 version and its inclusion of a liter drop tank, increasing its range from kilometers to 1, kilometers.
Some examples of the Bf E were tropicalized for use in North Africathe Mediterraneanand the southern parts of the Soviet Union. The Emil was used in a variety of roles. Throughout it's service, it saw use as a day fighter, night fighter, escort fighter, interceptor, photo-reconnaissance aircraft, and fighter-bomber. Upon completion of the project, the first batch of Bf E-1s saw service with the Condor Legion towards the end of the Spanish Civil Warsupplementing the BerthaClaraand Dora as the main German fighter.
By the time they were delivered, the Republican Air Force was nearly eradicated, so the Emil saw little service in the war. The next time the Emil saw combat was in September of during the Invasion of Poland.
By this time, many front-line Luftwaffe units had the Emil as their main fighter, while some retained the Dora model. The majority of Bf Es lost over Poland were shot down by ground fire and not other aircraft. During the Phoney Warthe Emil retained its role as front-line fighter and lead the German thrusts into Denmark and Norway. By the start of the Battle of France inall Luftwaffe day fighter squadrons were operating Emils.It was the only single engined Luftwaffe fighter in use during the Battle of Britain, where it proved to be the equal of the Spitfireand superior to the Hurricane.
Like all early versions of theit was relatively short lived, being replaced by the F in The E was the first version of the fighter to be based around the Daimler Benz engine, giving it significantly superior performance to the earlier Jumo powered machines.
Its top speed rose by 60 miles per hour, its service ceiling by nearly feet! The DB engine used direct fuel injection instead of a carbouretter, meaning that it performed much better under negative G than the Spitfire or Hurricane, or than earlier models of the apart from the C, which has a similarly designed Jumo G engine.
Work on the E began in the summer of The first prototype of the new variant, the V, flew then. A second prototype, the V, soon followed, this time armed with a single nose-mounted cannon. Production of the Bf E-1 was delayed by problems with the DB engine.
The pre-production E-0s were ready by Decemberby which point complete E-1 airframes were being made. However the engine did not appear until the spring of This partly explains the sudden rapid appearance of the E in Luftwaffe service over the summer of — all that was left to do was fit the engine to the aircraft.
Work began on the F in the spring ofjust as the early E-1s were finally coming off the production line. The first Fs began to join their units in March-April Despite this short service career, it was the E that took part in most of the most significant air battles of the war in Europe. The first production model of the Bf E. The E-1 started off with four MG machine guns, two over the engine cowling and two in the wings, and a DB A engine.
Production began at the start of when the engine became available. However, the cannon equipped fighters can be easily identified in pictures — the larger cannon needed a small bulge to be added under the wings and the barrel of the cannon protrudes from the front of the wing. A fighter-bomber version of the E The bomb was aimed using the standard gun sight. Accuracy was poor. One Staffel in each Jagdgeschwader was equipped with the jabo version during the Battle of Britian.Gamble Aware aims to promote responsibility in gambling.
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