Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest. As ofthe population is about 54 million. The Pagan Kingdom fell to Mongol invasionsand several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynastythe country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.
The British East India Company seized control of the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century, and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted independence in as a democratic nation. For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and its myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars.
During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions.
However, the Burmese military remains a powerful force in politics. It is a country rich in jade and gemsoil, natural gas and other mineral resources.
Myanmar is also endowed with renewable energy; it has the highest solar power potential compared to other countries of the Great Mekong Subregion. The name of the country has been a matter of dispute and disagreement, particularly in recent decades, focusing mainly on the political legitimacy of those using Myanmar versus Burma.
Inthe military government officially changed the English translations of many names dating back to Burma's colonial period or earlier, including that of the country itself: Burma became Myanmar. The renaming remains a contested issue. In Aprilsoon after taking office, Aung San Suu Kyi said concerning the question of which name should be used that, "it is up to you, because there is nothing in the constitution of our country that says that you must use any term in particular".
She continued, "I use Burma very often because I am used to using it. But it does not mean that I require other people to do that as well. Countries that do not officially recognise that name use the long form "Union of Burma" instead. Official United States policy retains Burma as the country's name, although the State Department 's website lists the country as Burma Myanmar.
Myanmar is known with a name deriving from Burma as opposed to Myanmar in SpanishItalianRomanianand Greek — Birmania being the local version of Burma in the Spanish language, for example. Archaeological evidence shows that Homo erectus lived in the region now known as Myanmar as early asyears ago, with no more erectus finds after 75, years ago.
The Bronze Age arrived c. This indicates some form of communication between groups in Myanmar and other places, possibly through trade. Around the second century BCE the first-known city-states emerged in central Myanmar. The city-states were founded as part of the southward migration by the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu people, the earliest inhabitants of Myanmar of whom records are extant, from present-day Yunnan.
By the 9th century, several city-states had sprouted across the land: the Pyu in the central dry zone, Mon along the southern coastline and Arakanese along the western littoral. The balance was upset when the Pyu came under repeated attacks from Nanzhao between the s and the s. In the mid-to-late 9th century the Bamar people founded a small settlement at Bagan.
It was one of several competing city-states until the late 10th century when it grew in authority and grandeur. Pagan gradually grew to absorb its surrounding states until the s—s when Anawrahta founded the Pagan Kingdomthe first ever unification of the Irrawaddy valley and its periphery. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Pagan Empire and the Khmer Empire were two main powers in mainland Southeast Asia.This is a PDF version of the new book 'Anxiety'.
This is a digital version to view on your device. These are digital version to view on your device. A signed copy of the book, plus a little hand drawn cartoon of Sam thanking you personally on one of the inside pages of the book.
Signed copy of 'Anxiety' plus a little hand drawn cartoon of Sam thanking you personally on one of the inside pages of the book. Plus all three digital versions of the books PDFs. A signed print of a SAM comic. This will be a fine art poster print, A4 size 21 x Your name will be commemorated on a special thank you page in the front of the book, with a signed copy, plus a little hand drawn cartoon of Sam thanking you personally on one of the inside pages of the book.
Plus all three digital books PDFs. This will be a fine art poster print, A3 size Just send me a couple photos so I get an idea of how they look. Then I'll send a sketch to see if you're happy with it. This will be a digital drawing, done on computer such as the examples shown and emailed to you.
Also a signed copy of the book, plus a little hand drawn cartoon of Sam thanking you personally on one of the inside pages of the book. An original pop art style SAM painting on canvas. This will be like one of the examples shown, although feel free to let me know if there's anything in particular you would like. An original, hand drawn SAM comic.
This will be a full page comic strip on high quality watercolour paper. It will consist of 3 or 4 frames and will be A3 size Then I'll send a sketch and if you're happy I will then do a colour version. This will be an original drawing, done on A3 size For this, you will get all of the rewards, so basically everything above. All three PDFs Signed, doodled book Second book A3 and A4 prints A special thank you in the book A personalised cartoon - this will be for one cartoon which you decide whether it's digital or on paper.
You can find more information in our data protection declaration. Now living in a refugee camp in Lebanon, the year-old is a rather sad and quiet girl. Yet she radiated unexpected confidence in this portrait by photographer Dominic Nahr. He was so impressed by her inner strength in this shot that it inspired an entire photo series on conflict survivors.
The book project, titled "I am alive," marks the th anniversary of the organization Save the Children, which was created in the UK in to assist children affected by war.
It features portraits of people who survived a conflict of every decade of the past century. Pictured here is Evelyne Brix, who still remembers the meals provided by the organization in in Berlin. She was then Vanessa was five years old when the Tutsis killed around one million people within days in Rwanda in She managed to flee with her mother and her two siblings, but they lost each other during the escape. Despite a search launched by Save the Children, her parents were never found.
The scars of this trauma could still be felt in her gaze, said photographer Dominic Nahr. Along with portraits by Dominic Nahr, the book combines photos of the time of the conflicts. Old polaroids often helped to find people who were part of Save the Children programs as children. Portrayed right is Colombian Jose David Rios name changed to protect his identity17, with his friends. At the age of 9, he was injured in a crossfire between the FARC rebel army and government troops.
Along with the portraits of the 11 conflict survivors, Dominic Nahr also photographed various landscapes and everyday life situations. Negatives of selected series of photos alternate with color shots to evoke the idea that the conflict took place in the past, but nevertheless still leaves its mark today.
The greatest challenge to complete the series was to find a survivor of World War I, since that's when Save the Children was initially created to help the children who were starving in Germany and Austria-Hungary at the time.
And an actual eyewitness was found: Erich Karl, who is turning this year, still remembers the hot chocolate he received from a feeding program in The book "I am Alive - How Children Survived a Century of Wars" presents the stories of 10 individuals who survived the wars of the past century, plus one "baby of hope": Rajiya is one of the babies who were born between July and May in a Save the Children refugee camp for the Rohingya who fled Myanmar.
Still today, an estimated million children are growing up in war zones. These portraits by award-winning photographer Dominic Nahr feature survivors of a major conflict over the past century. The resulting book marks years of Save the Children.
Even if bookstores are allowed to reopen in Germany, writers remain affected by the coronavirus crisis. Many have therefore shifted their activities online. Some even collect donations for a good cause.
The World Health Organization has warned that the pandemic has the potential to get far worse. A German study showed schools may not play a strong role in the virus' spread. Follow DW for the latest. The UN Security Council is set to hold its first meeting devoted to the coronavirus pandemic. More info OK. Wrong language?A major partner of Shanghai Cooperation OrganisationASEAN maintains a global network of alliances and dialogue partners and is considered by many as a global powerhouse,   the central union for cooperation in Asia-Pacificand a prominent and influential organization.
It is involved in numerous international affairs, and hosts diplomatic missions throughout the world. As set out in the Declaration, the aims and purposes of ASEAN are to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in the region, to promote regional peace, collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest, to provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities, to collaborate for better utilization of agriculture and industry to raise the living standards of the people, to promote Southeast Asian studies and to maintain close, beneficial co-operation with existing international organisations with similar aims and purposes.
The region's dynamic economic growth during the s strengthened the organization, enabling ASEAN to adopt a unified response to Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia in ASEAN's first summit meeting, held in Bali, Indonesia inresulted in an agreement on several industrial projects and the signing of a Treaty of Amity and Cooperationand a Declaration of Concord. It then joined on 30 April following the stabilization of its government.
On 15 Decembermember states met in Jakarta to launch a charter, signed in Novemberto move closer to "an EU -style community". It is achieved while ASEAN seeks a more vigorous role in Asian and global affairs at a time when the international system is experiencing a seismic shift". Referring to climate change and economic upheaval, he concluded: "Southeast Asia is no longer the bitterly divided, war-torn region it was in the s and s".
The financial crisis of — was seen as a threat to the charter's goals,  and also set forth the idea of a proposed human rights body to be discussed at a future summit in February This proposition caused controversy, as the body would not have the power to impose sanctions or punish countries which violated citizens' rights and would, therefore, be limited in effectiveness. The bloc also focused on peace and stability in the region. The treaty took effect on 28 March after all but one of the member states had ratified it.
It became fully effective on 21 June after the Philippines ratified it, effectively banning all nuclear weapons in the region. Masilamani and Peterson summarize it as "a working process or style that is informal and personal. Policymakers constantly utilize compromise, consensus, and consultation in the informal decision-making process Quiet diplomacy allows ASEAN leaders to communicate without bringing the discussions into the public view.
Members avoid embarrassment that may lead to further conflict. However, critics have argued that such an approach can be only applied to Asian countries, to specific cultural norms and understandings notably, due to a difference in mindset and level of tension. Critics object, claiming that the ASEAN Way's emphasis on consultation, consensus, and non-interference forces the organisation to adopt only those policies which satisfy the lowest common denominator.
Decision-making by consensus requires members to see eye-to-eye before ASEAN can move forward on an issue. Myanmar, Cambodia, and Laos emphasize non-interference while older member countries focus on co-operation and co-ordination.
These differences hinder efforts to find common solutions to particular issues, but also make it difficult to determine when collective action is appropriate in a given situation.Discover new books on Goodreads.
Sign in with Facebook Sign in options. Join Goodreads. Channyein Aung Follow. Message Compare books Block this user. Block Channyein Aung? This will prevent Channyein from sending you messages, friend request or from viewing your profile. They will not be notified. Comments on discussion boards from them will be hidden by default. Confirm Cancel. Sign in to Goodreads to learn more about Channyein. Sign In. Stats More…. Movies We've Just Watched — members — last activity 17 hours, 20 min ago A chance in quick form to give your recent impressions of a movie you just watched--on the big screen or on dvd.
Good or bad; life-changing or just si A chance in quick form to give your recent impressions of a movie you just watched--on the big screen or on dvd. Good or bad; life-changing or just side-splitting I'd like this group to be a forum for recent movies we've seen.
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Your daily Taxi anywhere, anytime. GrabTaxi Plus Beta. Book in Just 2 Taps Key in your pick-up and drop-off locations to get your estimated fare. Get a Driver Grab will find you the nearest available driver. What is GrabTaxi?One way this will be addressed is accelerated replacement of high-priced MDs with physician assistants, anesthesiology assistants, physical therapy assistants, etc. Cost-control pressures will also accelerate efforts to create Virtual MDs. Treatments should greatly improve thanks to individualized genomic medicine.
If society deems it ethically acceptable, genomic medicine may not only cure disease but enhance: from altruism to intelligence. Within a decade, hallucinogens such as peyote mushrooms may be legalized. The government wants us out of our cars.
Policymakers are working hard to get us to drive less, whether by not building freeways despite the population increase, reducing the number of parking spaces, increasing tolls, pay roads, carpool lanes, and expensive traffic tickets. This will not change. If anything, environmentalism is becoming more embedded in our consciousness.
And yes, in a decade, cars, trucks, buses, taxis, and trains will be self-driving. The trend will continue toward smaller homes, including 500-square-foot micro-apartments that will cleverly use the full 8-foot height of rooms as well as modern "Murphy Beds" embedded in the wall, which drop down for sleeping. Because of the aforementioned restrictions on driving, much residential building will be in-fill, near mass transit stations.
And the trend to telecommuting for at least part of the week will continue. Apartment buildings will include architectural features and social programming to build community. Also, homes will contain immersion rooms: in which all four walls, ceiling, and floor will be LCD screens.
This combined with 3D holography will allow for remarkably immersive entertainment, education, and training. We'll see mass-customized, 3D-printed clothes. At websites from Wal-Mart. Your custom clothes will be in your hands in minutes, no shipping. Marriage will continue to decline.
As women gain more economic power, fewer women will feel the need to marry, especially to marry men. And as divorce laws in most states tend to be tough on men, and women's empowerment efforts are often creating antipathy toward men, fewer men will want to marry women.
Whites will soon be the minority, and Immigration and birth rate trends will accelerate that. This will be the era of color. Asian countries are becoming ever more formidable. For example, no longer content to be just experts in manufacturing products designed elsewhere, Asian universities are now focusing on creating innovators.
Our world is ever more tech-centric and countries like China, India, and Japan have long prioritized STEM professions. The terms vary: machine learning, active artificial intelligence, deep learning, but the concept is the same: The next generation of software and robots will learn from their mistakes, getting ever smarter. On the downside, self-teaching computers will accelerate the elimination of not only routine jobs but those requiring some judgment. But en toto, yes, the robots are coming but not so fast.
The decline of campus-based higher education.Nightlife in Myanmar, Couple's date in a Park VS Nightclub
A degree used to be a virtual guarantor of improved employment. Half of college graduates under 25 are unemployed or doing jobs they could have done with just a high school diploma. And the comprehensive study, Academically Adrift, found remarkably little freshman-to-senior growth in those core areas that college is supposed to improve: critical thinking, analytical reasoning, and writing.
The trend toward learning outside the halls of academe will continue. More spirit, less religion. The Pew Center reports that the fastest growing religion is no religion. But people will continue to want a source of inspiration and comfort beyond the quotidian.
So not-deistic spiritual practices, for example, Buddhism and the related yoga, martial arts, and meditation should flourish.